Overview of inequality trends, key findings and policy directions in OECD countries
This chapter documents the longer-term trends as well as recent developments in income inequality and summarises the main messages from the in-depth chapters of the report. In particular, it highlights the channels through which inequality affects growth, the impact of women’s employment and of developments in the type of jobs on inequality, and the extent of wealth concentration and indebtedness. It discusses individual measures but especially policy packages that are both equality- and growth-friendly by focusing on four main areas: women’s participation, employment promotion and good quality jobs, skills and education, and taxes and transfers.
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