Health inequalities are present within and among countries. This interactive map provides a quick bird's-eye view of health and the extent of health inequalities in every country in Europe, and how that country compares to other European countries. Click on a country to find out more.
Underneath the map you find an explanation of the indicators used, as well as the averages for the EU.
Numbers in red are worse than EU average. Numbers in green are better than EU average.
For more information on what the EU and European countries are doing to address health inequalities, visit our health equity resource database.
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- Total population.
- Gini coefficient. The Gini coefficient represents the income inequality or wealth inequality within a country 0 = complete equality; 1 = complete inequality.
- Human Development Index. The human development Index indicates average achievement in key dimensions of human development: health, education, and standard of living.
- Health spending. This includes final consumption of health care goods and services. It includes personal health care and collective services, but excludes spending on investments.
- Life expectancy.
- Self-perceived health. This shows the proportion of people who assess their health to be very good or good.
- Access to health care. This shows the proportion of people with self-declared unmet needs for health care. This could be due to financial barriers, waiting times, or travel distances.
- Life expectancy.
- Percentage of the total population at risk of poverty or social exclusion.
- Percentage of the population aged 25-64 who have successfully completed tertiary studies.
|Health spending||EUR 2,884 per capita (9.8% of GDP)|
|Life expectancy at birth
||Men: 78.3 years|
|Women: 83.6 years|
|Self-perceived health||Low education level: 56.4%|
|Medium education level: 70.5%|
|High education level: 80.6%|
|Access to health care services||Low education level: 2.6%|
|Medium education level: 1.5%|
|High education level: 1.1%|
The data shown on this page and map was last updated in January 2021 and taken from the ECHI (European Core Health Indicators) Data Tool and the Eurostat regional statistics. Explore these tools to find many more indicators that can demonstrate the inequalities and differences within and between countries.