Health inequalities persist into old age. We aimed to investigate risk factors for socioeconomic differences in frailty that could potentially be modified through policy measures. This article depicts that behavioural and cardiometabolic risk factors in midlife account for more than a third of socioeconomic differences in frailty. The findings suggest that interventions targeting physical activity, obesity, smoking, and low-grade inflammation in middle age might reduce socioeconomic differences in later-life frailty.
Authors: E. J. Brunner, M. J. Shipley, S. Ahmadi-Abhari, C. Valencia Hernandez, J. G. Abell, A. Singh-Manoux, I. Kawachi, M. Kivimaki
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