This research paper examined how public health policy actors can create political will for action that addresses health equity. The paper was written by Fran Baum, Belinda Townsend, Matt Fisher, et al.
Below is the abstract of the paper.
Background: Despite growing evidence on the social determinants of health and health equity, political action has not
been commensurate. Little is known about how political will operates to enact pro-equity policies or not. This paper
examines how political will for pro-health equity policies is created through analysis of public policy in multiple sectors.
Methods: Eight case studies were undertaken of Australian policies where action was either taken or proposed on health
equity or where the policy seemed contrary to such action. Telephone or face-to-face interviews were conducted with
192 state and non-state participants. Analysis of the cases was done through thematic analysis and triangulated with
Results: Our case studies covered: trade agreements, primary healthcare (PHC), work conditions, digital access, urban
planning, social welfare and Indigenous health. The extent of political will for pro-equity policies depended on the
strength of path dependency, electoral concerns, political philosophy, the strength of economic and biomedical framings,
whether elite interests were threatened and the success or otherwise of civil society lobbying.
Conclusion: Public health policy actors may create political will through: determining how path dependency that
exacerbates health inequities can be broken, working with sympathetic political forces committed to fairness; framing
policy options in a way that makes them more likely to be adopted, outlining factors to consider in challenging the
interests of elites, and considering the extent to which civil society will work in favour of equitable policies. A shift in
norms is required to stress equity and the right to health.
Find the paper here.
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