Germany is comprised of 16 Bundesländer (federal states) which possess a certain level of autonomy and influence to implement and amend policy frameworks devised at a national level. The 16 states are Baden-Württemberg; Bavaria; Berlin; Brandenburg; Bremen; Hamburg; Hesse; Mecklenburg-Vorpommern; Lower Saxony; North Rhine-
Westphalia; Rhineland-Palatinate; Saarland; Saxony; Saxony-Anhalt; Schleswig-Holstein; and Thuringia.

Policy responses

Policy responses implemented at a regional level tend to address the issue of health inequalities more explicitly and a wide range of actions and activities have been initiated to tackle the problem.

An overview of regional policy responses addressing health inequalities can be found in our Policy Database.


Good practices

An overview of local and regional projects and initiatives that are currently taking place or that have successfully been finalized, and that are addressing health inequality issues, can be found in our Project Database.

Key actors

Please find below an overview of key actors in Germany working on health inequality issues:


Are you aware of key actors that should be added to this list?
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Key resources

Please find below a short overview of key documents and resources (produced at regional level) addressing health inequality issues in Germany. More publications can be found in our Publications Database.

  • Daten und Fakten: Ergebnisse der Studie – Gesundheit in Deutschland aktuell 2009 – Facts and Figures: Results of the study – Health in Germany 2009 to date. This report, published by the Robert Koch Institute, describes the results of a study in which over 21.000 people (>18 years old) participated and answered a questionnaire of about 200 questions about their health and living circumstances. The main results of the report are broke down by thematic areas such as “general health”,”Chronic diseases”,”health system performance”. Finally, it also presents group-specific factors to health (e.g. age and gender), and also describes differences in health outcomes by educational status and region.

Are you aware of any other key resources that should be added to this list?
Please let us know!

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